At Galway Speech and Language Therapy we work with children of all ages. We are very happy to help with children your who may have following conditions:

  • Articulation disorders
  • Phonological disorders
  • Dyspraxia
  • Phonological Awareness and Literacy Difficulties
  • Receptive Language difficulties
  • Expressive Language difficulties
  • Specific Language Impairment <-> SLI
  • Stammering/stuttering
  • Down Syndrome
  • Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Global Developmental Delay


The following are typical milestones expected for the development of speech and language. These milestones can help you to determine if your child's language is appropriate for his/her age.:

    Language Expectations:
  • 12 months: First words emerge such as "baba" "bye-bye"
  • 18 months: have and use between 10-20 words such as "eat" "drink" (verbs); "baby" "doggie" (nouns); "up" "down" (prepositions); "hi" "bye" (social words).
  • 24 months: have and use at least 100 words and begin to combine 2 words together, such as "daddy gone" "mommy keys"
  • 24-36 months: (age 2-3) Has a word for almost everything! Is using 2-3 word sentences, and can answer simple questions.
  • 36-48 months: (age 3-4) using longer sentences. Is beginning to ask "why" questions. Can tell you a short story.
  • 48-60 months: (age 4-5) can carry on a conversation; s/he is inquisitive with vocabulary growing every day. Can answer more complex questions and is able to express feelings. Can count 10 or more objects and correctly name at least 4 colours and three shapes.

The information below will give you an indication of when your child will be understood by most adults at a given age. (data from Pena-Brooks & Hegde, 2007)

    Speech Sounds Expectations:
  • 19-24 months - 25%-50% of speech is understood
  • 2-3 years - 50%-75% of speech is understood
  • 4-5 years - 75% - 90% of speech is understood
  • 5+ years - 90% - 100% of speech is understood


Often a concerned parent of an 18 month old child who is "not talking" is told "not to worry - my Mary didn't talk til she was 21/2" or "boys talk later than girls". Or they may be advised to "wait and see". While children do develop at different rates to some extent, we know that there are certain developmental milestones, which, if not reached, are a cause for concern.

Research tells us that a child is considered to be a "late talker" when he/she is between 18 and 30 months, has good understanding of language, plays at a typical level for their age, has appropriate social skills, but has a very limited number of words for their age.

If you have concerns about your child, please call for a free initial consultation with Geraldine (Speech and Language Therapist)